Acne treatment by Ayurveda with special reference to rakta dhatu.

Abstract

Face is a mirror of body and index of mind it is a considered among the top while thinking about beauty and look .Acne free skin and spotless skin gives us confidence .

Unfortunately acne or mukhdushika mainly disturbs the face during prime stage of life .

Introduction

Mukhadushika or acne is one of the skin disease under the kshudrarog describe by sushruta according to Ayurveda we are  going to focus samprapti (pathophysiology) envolving Rakta dhatu how it vitiates by doshaj(mainly kapha ,vata)

Objectives-

Review on co- relation between rakta dhatu it’s sarata (nourishment) vitiation by doshaj and cause to disease like acne we r going to focus on treatment of raktadhatu while treating acne.

Review of literature

(Understanding of rakta dhatu )

Raktadhatu is delivered in his own srotas I.e liver and spleen 

शोनीत  वहानाम् स्तोत्रसाम्  यकृत मूलम् प्लिहा च ’( च. वि.५/७)

Sushruta clarified that the rasa is framed from aahararas further in the digestion of raktadhatu pitta is delivered as mala

Panchamahabhut composition of rakta-

Tej + jala

Causes of raktavaha srotas dushti –

विदाही अन्नपानाणि स्निग्धौष्णानि द्रवाणिच रक्तवाहिनी दुष्यंति भजाताम च आतापाणलोः

Causative factors of acne –

>Kalaj-vasant Ritu ,grishma rutu,Sharad Ritu ,tarunya ( young age)

>Aharaj -Excess intake of katu ,tikta ,amla,lavana,snigdha,guru ,picchil,abhishyandi aaharsevan ,ushna -tikshna ahar

>Viharaj -divaswap ,excess aatapsevan ,Vega dharan ,ratro jagran

>Mansik- atichinta (stress) ,krodha(agressions),atibhaya,(fear)

emotional factor -negative imotions affects working of the hypothalamus +adrenal glands which have a negative impact on your immunity when the body’s immunity is lowered skin becomes more prone to such conditions.

>Samhita have mentioned kapha ,vata and rakta as the causative factors

>Charak has narrated involvement of vitiated pitta along with rakta 

Filling inside the pidika is dushta meda dhatu ( pus formation )

Vitiate meda can also be incorporated as nidan of yuvanpidika.

    >Rajo dushti –

One of cause for acne aggrevation ,Raj is upadhatu of ras if ras gets dushta by doshaj (Raj ruddhi or Raj kshay) occurs it means tvak sarata disturbed increase  dosha in srotas and outs in the form of acne with pus formation .In such feamales medodushti due to hormonal imabalance (progesteron & estrogen) is still a cause for acne even acne vulgaris one of burning issue in adults.

In such cases treating with ras rakta dhatu ultimately reduces Raj dushti .Agni tatva is important to form rakta From ras .

   >Twak=external skin + internal mucous linings

            Kleda – twak vikar

One amongst 6 AAHAR PARINAMKAR BHAVAS

Kleda is the moisture created for replenishment and nourishment of every dhatu . Kleda derives from jala mahabhoota excess production of kleda will do srotorodh in minute channels .it’s excess will stay in the dhatus like prameha (diabetes & obesity)

The meda dhatu is different in thin & obese person .kleda becomes stagnant in rakta dhatu and mamsa dhatu can cause skin disturbances

Ras rakta mamsa skin disease with excessive kleda 

Line of thinking

#Dosh upkrama

#kusthaghna

#kandughna

#krimighna

#Raktashodhan

#Rakta prasadak

#Medopachak

#varnya

#Apunarbhav chikitsa

Also given by aacharyas-

Sushrut – vaman ,lepana

Ashtang hriday -lepan ,vaman,nasya,shiravyadh

Bhavprakash -lepa,vaman,abhyanga

   ⭐SHODHAN CHIKITSA

a.Vaman -vaman karma to cure the disease sushruta & vagbhata mentioned this as main treatment because the kapha is one of the main dosha involved in pathogenesis 

b.Virechan-purgative drugs helps to purification  Of rakta dhatu by expeling excess pitta ,dushta pitta and Aam dosha e.g – patolmuladi kwath

c. Lepana-lodhra

                Vacha

                Saindhav

                 Kustambaru

                Kushta

Mentioned by sushruta

                 Chandan 

                 Musta

                 Padmak

                 Ushir

                 Yashti

                 Manjishta

                 Sariva

                 Nimb

                 Haridra

                 Lodhra

Mentioned by charaka

Other Lepas-

 1.lodhra,

saindhava & nsarshapa

2. Dhanyaka, Vacha, Lodhra and Kusta

applied over the face is also useful.

3. Application of the lepa prepared out

of lodhra, tuvaraka.

4. Vatapatra, narikelapushpa, and

shukti are useful.

5. Lepa of lodhra, dhanyaka, vacha

over mukha is useful.

6. The Lepa prepared out of Gorochana

and Maricha.

7. Matulungajata, Ghrita, Manashila

and cow dung these formulation

should be applied over the face it

improves the complexion and cures

the yauvana pidika and nyaccha.

8. Milk and Shalmali thorn. If fails then

vamana is to be done.

9. Lepa prepared out of Jatipala,

Chandana, Maricha.

10. Bark of Arjuna tree and milk.

11. Manjistachurna with Madhu. 12. Washing the face with varunadi

kwatha and lepa prepared out to

vatapatra, malathi, raktachandana,

kusta, and lodhra, or matulungajata,

ghee, manashila, lodhra are applied

over the face.

13. Kumkumadi Taila Abyanga can also

be done.

14. In all kshudrarogas Sarpi, Nimba- churna and parpati is to be given

internaly.

15. Sahacharaghrita.

16. Parada Bhasma can be used along

with other suitable drugs or with any

other yogavahi formulations can be

used to treat kshudra rogas.

17. Haridradilepa can be applied for

face. Manjistaditaila to be over the

face.

18. Masuradal fried with milk and applied over the face 

   ⭐Internal medicine

*Aarogyavardhini-work on liver & intestine ,wonder drug in skin diseases multidimensional rakta shodhak & pittasark,tridosh shamak,kapha shaman& vat anulomana ,deepan ,pachana,medohara,svedpravartak,improves digestion & metabolism best in early stages of skin diseases.

*Gandhak rasayan -It is indeed a rasayan apunarbhav chikitsa it is antibacterial & immune modulator used in secondary infections raktashodhak (blood purifier)

Vranopak ( improves quality or texture of skin, krimighna)

*Kaishor guggul -pitta kapha nashak ,rakta shodhak ,Kanti karak

*Krimikithar rasa-krimighna

*Asava- Arishta –

Mahamanjishtadi – raktaprasadak ,kapha shamak ,shit 

Sarivadyasav – raktaprasadak pittashamak ,shit

Khadirarishta- kapha shamak 

Vidangarishta- kapha vat shamak 

*Klednashak dravya ,raktashodhak

Kamal 

Madhu

Praval

Laksha

Gairika

Guduchi

Chopchini

Kutaki

Chakramard

Rasmanikya 

*Varnya vanspati post acne hyperpigmentation

( Bhrajak pitta vardhan)

#ghrita

#sariva

#navnit ( Butter)

#Yashti

#kshir

#manjishta

#haridra

#bhringaraj

#haritaki

#bhringaraj

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Select your currency
INR Indian rupee